Personnel

newlogoASCLS

Document: Position of the Society
Classification: Position Paper
Date: June 1995
Status: Approved by the ASCLS House of Delegates July, 1995

Part 1: Personnel Standards

The American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science:

A. Believes that personnel standards should be prescribed for ALL personnel including directors, supervisors, clinical laboratory scientists and other laboratory technical personnel to insure the accuracy and reliability of test performance.

B. Supports utilization of validated competency-based credentialing examinations for all laboratory practitioners.

C. Supports the concept of the regulatory complexity model and believes that personnel standards at the technical levels must be defined in terms of qualifications needed to perform testing at ASCLS defined Levels I, II and III.

1. The individual qualified to perform Level I tests must demonstrate competency as a Clinical Laboratory Assistant, and would perform simple tests requiring little to no independent judgement and interpretation.

2. The individual qualified to perform Level II tests must demonstrate competency as a Clinical Laboratory Technician and would perform more technically demanding tests with some degree of independent judgement and interpretation.

3. The individual qualified to perform Level III tests must demonstrate competency as a Clinical Laboratory Scientist able to perform more technically complex tests requiring considerable amounts of independent judgement and interpretation.

D. Supports the use of benchmarks to more succinctly typify positions at various levels of work and different types of work presently performed by practitioners in the clinical laboratory. A benchmark is defined as something that serves as the standard by which others may be measured.

1. The benchmark for the Clinical Laboratory Scientist is the baccalaureate degree as awarded by a regionally accredited college/university including or in addition to successful completion of a clinical laboratory scientist program accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education.

2. The benchmark for the Clinical Laboratory Technician is the associate degree as awarded by a regionally accredited college/university including successful completion of a clinical laboratory science technician program accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education.

3. The benchmark for the Clinical Laboratory Assistant is successful completion of an appropriate training program for testing at this level accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education.

E. Supports the concept of equivalent routes for the Clinical Laboratory Scientist only in combination with a baccalaureate degree as defined in Part II: Certification Eligible Routes.

F. Supports the concept of equivalent routes for the Clinical Laboratory Technician only in combination with an associate degree as defined in Part II: Certification Eligible Routes.

G. Supports the concept of career mobility (ladder) from Level I to Levels II and III which includes utilization of validated competency-based credentialing examinations to determine competency of personnel at all levels of responsibility.

H. Believes that all practitioners should demonstrate continued competence through recertification.

Part II: Eligibility Routes

Certification via ALL routes delineated in this section is contingent upon passage of a validated competency-based examination for the corresponding level of practice. In addition, experience requirements of those routes incorporating "full-time clinical laboratory experience" for equivalency must include ALL major disciplines typically required in the clinical component of a clinical laboratory science education program accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education. Such experience shall be under the supervision of a certified clinical laboratory scientist in a CLIA certified laboratory.

A. Clinical Laboratory Scientist (CLS)

1. Baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited college/university including or in addition to successful completion of a clinical laboratory scientist program accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education; OR,

2. Baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited college/university including a minimum of 16 semester hours (24 quarter hours) of biology course work acceptable toward a major in biological science and pertinent to the clinical laboratory sciences, 16 semester hours (24 quarter hours) of chemistry course work acceptable toward a major in chemistry and 1 course of college-level mathematics; PLUS 2 years of full-time clinical laboratory experience within the past 4 years, AND,

a. certification as a clinical laboratory science technician; OR,

b. successful completion of a clinical laboratory science technician program accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education; OR,

c. successful completion of an advanced military medical laboratory specialist program (MOS:92B30 and 92B2T; NEC : 8417 and 8506; AFSC: 90450 & 92450 & 90470 & 92470).

3. Baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited college/university including a minimum of 16 semester hours (24 quarter hours) of biology course work acceptable toward a major in biological science and pertinent to the clinical laboratory sciences, 16 semester hours (24 quarter hours) of chemistry course work acceptable toward a major in chemistry and 1 course of college-level mathematics, PLUS, 5 years full-time clinical laboratory experience within the past 7 years.

B. Clinical Laboratory Technician (CLT)

1. Associate degree from a regionally accredited college/university including

a. successful completion of a clinical laboratory science technician program accredited by an agency approved by the U.S. Department of Education; OR,

b. successful completion of an advanced military laboratory specialist program (MOS: 92B30 & 92B2T; NEC 8417 & 8506; AFSC 90450 & 92450 & 90470 & 92470), OR,

c. associate degree from a regionally accredited educational institution that includes coursework pertinent to clinical laboratory technology and acceptable toward a major in clinical laboratory technology plus two years acceptable clinical laboratory experience.

C. Clinical Laboratory Assistant (CLA)

1. Secondary school graduate or equivalent (e.g. GED) AND successful completion of a Clinical Laboratory Assistant educational program under the direction of a certified clinical laboratory scientist and accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education.

(NOTE: since this is a newly recognized level of practice, neither benchmark criteria nor content of preparatory educational programs have been defined sufficiently, nor has an accreditation process for Clinical Laboratory Assistant programs been developed. Delineation of certification eligible routes cannot progress without further information.)

Part III: Summary

The standards and criteria defined within are designed to meet the challenges of an ever-expanding body of knowledge, an increased need for alternate laboratory testing sites and the consultative role of the clinical laboratory science practitioner.